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No2-3(2) 2019

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DOI 10.37219/2528-8253-2019-2-47

Yevcheva AF
Modern diagnostics of face and neck skin neoplasma
Yevcheva Anhelina F
Odesa National Medical University


The problem of modern diagnosis of neoplasms of the human skin is relevant in connection with the growing number of patients with tumorous formations of the skin of the human body.
The aim of the study was to evaluate the results of the diagnosis of tumor lesions of the face and neck skin on the basis of the analysis of clinical semiotics, dermatoscopy (microscopy) and morphological research.
Material and Methods: The study included 50 patients with neoplasms of the external nose and ear skin.
There were 30 women and 20 men, aged from 40 to 80 years.The patients were divided into two groups, depending on the location of the neoplasm. The 1st group included 25 patients with tumors of the outer skin of the nose and 2nd group – 25 patients with skin tumors of the outer ear.
All neoplasms in the process of vital activity were subjected to physical irritations of various degrees that may develop the malignant process of the skin.
The results and discussion: The evaluation of diagnostic results was carried out on the basis of the use of complex diagnostics, with the help of which a malignant skin process was detected in 50 patients. A basal cell carcinoma of the ear was revealed in 23 (46 %) patients, squamous cell carcinoma in 24 (48%) patients, low grade nasal cancer in 3 (6 %) patients.
Complex diagnostics allowed to determine the morphological structure and tissue affiliation in 100% of patients. Іt contributed to the correct choice of the method of treatment.
Conclusions: The results of the study suggest that a comprehensive detection technique makes it possible to fulfill a final diagnosis of the skin disease and to plan treatment adequately.To diagnose timely and reduce the number of malignant skin formations it is necessary to train the population to self-diagnose and to conduct preventive measures for reducing excessive ultraviolet, various chemical and mechanical effects on healthy skin.


the malignant tumors of face and neck skin, efficiency of complex diagnostics


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